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Mn Energy Limited (MNE) is pleased to report that a sample of its independently verified battery grade high purity manganese sulphate monohydrate (HPMSM) has been successfully utilised for the first time in Australian production of high-quality precursor cathode active material (P-CAM).


Future Battery Industries Cooperative Research Centre (FBICRC) headquartered at Curtin University, reported the successful production of 8:1:1 nickel cobalt manganese (NCM) P-CAM using battery grade HPMSM produced by MNE using its patent pending leach/filtration process as part of its ongoing development and commercialisation program in WA.


The MNE HPMSM product was analysed by FBICRC and returned the following analysis compared with example industry specifications:



Element Unit MNE HPMSM

Analysis (FBI)




Specifications 1

Mn % 29.9 ±2.5 31.8 min 31.8 – 32.0
Pb ppm 0.3 10 max 10 – 15
As ppm 0.1 10 max No data
Cd ppm 0.1 10 max 5 – 10
Ca ppm 20 50 max 100 – 200
Mg ppm 9.3 50 max 100 – 200
Fe ppm 13.3 10 max 10 – 20
Zn ppm 0 10 max 10 – 20
Cu ppm 1.6 10 max 10 – 20

1 China Ministry of Industry and Information Technology


Table 1 – Consolidated technical specifications including the current Chinese standard for Mn sulphate.


P-CAM (mixed metal hydroxide precursor) is derived from purified metal salts that originate from mineral concentrate and is the precursor to the lithiated final cathode active material (CAM) product.


Both P-CAM and CAM products are subject to strict quality specifications in terms of their impurities, particle size distribution and particle shape, and electrochemical attributes.


FBICRC reported that the P-CAM product met or exceeded typical specifications and produced uniform, dense and spherical particles as illustrated in the SEM image below.


MNE Executive Director, Mike Kitney said “We are excited by the work being done by the FBICRC in WA and are pleased to have had the opportunity to provide a sample of our battery grade product that contributed to the first Australian production of high-quality P-CAM product using locally produced HPMSM.  This result is a significant step along the road to establishing the place of MNE and WA in the growing battery materials supply chain in Australia.


Chief Executive Officer of FBICRC Shannon O’Rourke said “The high quality of these results demonstrates Australia’s capability in the battery chemistry field, and the potential for companies like Mn Energy to play a leading role in the further development of the industry.”

Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images of NCM-46 (continuous operation after 12 days).